April 21, 2000Report on the consequences of the aggression on the environment
Belgrade, April 21 - The report of the Yugoslav Ministry of development, science and environment on the consequences of the NATO bombardment on the FR of Yugoslavia's environment, including a chapter on the use of Depleted Uranium 238 was presented today at the Yugoslav government.
Speaking about the use of that kind of ammunition in the aggression against the FRY, Assistant Yugoslav Minister of Defense General Slobodan Petkovic stressed that during the war, the Yugoslav Army units carried out radiological and chemical inspection of the field of the U.S. A-10A airplane activity. The remnants of the ammunition filled with Depleted Uranium were discovered in wider region of Bujanovac, Vranje and Lustica peninsula in Boka Kotorska gulf in Montenegro.
The analysis of the contaminated land, carried out by the Vinca Institute for nuclear science, the Institute for protection of workers in Nis and the Military-medical academy, show that the area is contaminated in high degree, with specific activity of Depleted Uranium 238, which ranges to 235,000 becquerel per 1 kg of land.
On the basis of the consultations with the Vinca Institute for nuclear science, it was estimated that the activity of Depleted Uranium 238 of 200 becquerel per 1 kg of land was an allowable level of contamination, Petkovic stressed, explaining that the criterion was adopted in keeping with the average levels of natural concentration of Uranium 238 in land.
Stressing that it was not possible to carry out more detailed radiological and chemical inspection of Kosovo and Metohija, Petkovic said that, regarding the Yugoslav Army data, NATO A-10A airplanes were active on some 100 locations in Kosovo and Metohija, especially in the regions of Prizren, Urosevac, Pec, Djakovica, Decani and Djurakovac.
According to the Yugoslav Minister for development, science and environment Prof. Dr Nada Sljapic, the report is the testimony of the negative consequences of the NATO bombardment on our country's environment.
Stressing that the consequences cannot be considered as catastrophic for the entire country, but that it could be spoken about the extremely negative influence of the bombardment for certain industrial zones and chemical plants with toxic materials, Dr Sljapic pointed out that those facts give the aggression the character of "a chemical war against population and living creatures".
The chemical industry plants were bombed deliberately, and thanks to urgent activities of our experts, the catastrophic consequences on the environment were avoided or reduced, Dr Sljapic underscored.
She stressed that the aggression against the FRY was "flagrant violation of numerous principles of the international treaties and conventions in the field of the environment protection".
Great part of the report was based on technical reports of home and foreign experts, which represented the document parallel to the UN Report on Environment Protection (UNEP), she added, saying that the UN Report was unacceptable, not only because it did not include certain documentary section which would be in agreement with our expert analysis, but also because of the "unacceptable political views".